Flora Shaw gives the name 'Nigeria'
The Times (London) January 8th, 1897
by Dame Flora Louisa Shaw, DBE (1852 - 1929)
Flora Shaw was the daughter of a British captain whose family life led her to begin a career in journalism from a young age. Her writings were constantly infused with a burning passion for what she saw as the positive aspects of the British Empire and all of the notions of racial & colonial superiority which went with it.
Appointed as the Colonial Editor for The Times of London, she had carte blanche to travel the vast British Empire at the time and rapidly became a foremost journalist of her time, even if at first she had to disguise her sex under a nickname.
She later married the first Governor General of the British Crown's West African real estate / trading company district (now Nigeria) - this led her to devise a name which would be a shortened version of the "agglomeration of pagan and Mahomedan States" that was functioning under the cumbersome official title, "Royal Niger Company Territories".
In this ultra rare article describing the geography of the region, Shaw outlines her reasoning for a name change - the ultimate in colonial tampering.
"The name Nigeria applying to no other part of Africa may without offence to any neighbours be accepted as co-extensive with the territories over which the Royal Niger Company has extended British influence , and may serve to differentiate them equally from the colonies of Lagos and the Niger Protectorate on the coast and from the French territories of the Upper Niger."